15:05 UTC
17:05 CEST

Forecast Models AI/ML vs PDE

Cloudy with a Chance of Error ... 😉

Basic Model Information PDE/AI


DWD    AI-Based Data Assimilation

ECMWF  AIFS         1 2 3 4
Fudan  FuXi         1 2 3 4 5 6
Huawei Pangu        1 2 3 4 5
Huawei Zhiji        1 2 3 4 5 6
Google GraphCast    1 2 3 4 5 6
Google SEEDS Ensbl  1 2
Nvidia FourCastNet  1 2

ECMWF Model Menus IFS and AI/ML

1 Accumulated Precipitation 👍

PDE IFS        Accumulated Precipitation
AI  AIFS       Accumulated Precipitation
AI  FuXi       Accumulated Precipitation
AI  GraphCast  Accumulated Precipitation

2 MSL Pressure/Precipitation

PDE IFS        MSLP Precipitation
AI  AIFS       MSLP Precipitation
AI  FuXi       MSLP Precipitation
AI  GraphCast  MSLP Precipitation

3 Geopotential/Temperature @ LVL selectable

PDE IFS        Geop Temp @ 500 set
AI  AIFS       Geop Temp @ 500 set
AI  FuXi       Geop Temp @ 500 set
AI  GraphCast  Geop Temp @ 500 set

PDE IFS        Geop Temp @ 850 set
AI  AIFS       Geop Temp @ 850 set
AI  FuXi       Geop Temp @ 850 set
AI  GraphCast  Geop Temp @ 850 set

PDE IFS        Geop Temp @ MSL set
AI  AIFS       Geop Temp @ MSL set
AI  FuXi       Geop Temp @ MSL set
AI  GraphCast  Geop Temp @ MSL set

4 Temperature T2m/Wind F10M

PDE IFS        Temp T2m Wind FF10
AI  AIFS       Temp T2m Wind FF10
AI  Pangu      Temp T2m Wind FF10
AI  FuXi       Temp T2m Wind FF10
AI  GraphCast  Temp T2m Wind FF10
AI  4CastNet   Temp T2m Wind FF10

5 Geopotential 500/Temperature 850

AI  AIFS       H500 T850
AI  FuXi       H500 T850
AI  GraphCast  H500 T500

6 MSL Pressure/Wind 850

AI  AIFS       MSLP F850
AI  Pangu      MSLP F850
AI  GCast      MSLP F850
AI  4CastNet   MSLP F850

7 Pressure/Wind @ various levels

AI  AIFS       Pres Wind

Links to Introductory Information

 0 AI FAQ...
 1 AI Everything about AI Forecasting Models
 2 AI Weather Forecasting Can’t Replace Humans — Yet
 3 AI How AI is Revolutionizing Weather Forecasting
 4 AI can now outperform conventional Weather Forecasting
 5 AI Google study: AI outperforms classic weather forcasting
 6 AI and Uncertainty in Weather Forecasting
 7 AI Can AI Weather Models simulate the Butterfly Effect? LMU
 8 AI Can AI Weather Models simulate the Butterfly Effect? PDF
 9 AI Weather Models can't  simulate the Butterfly Effect. LMU

10 AI Harvard 👍
11 AI Climate Forecast

12 AI Video: Can AI help us predict extreme weather?
13 AI What if AI could save lifes?
14 AI LiveScience on Google AI to predict Weather Catastrophes
15 AI Is AI capable of forecasting natural disasters?
16 AI captured destructive path of TS Ciaran Nov 2023
17 AI better than NWP?  Case study TS Ciaran

18 AI for weather-dependent energy trading
19 AI CEPSA Spanish Energy Provider
20 AI offers jobs for AI in Meteorology

21 AI Nvidia Predicting Weather with AI
22 AI Huawei Pangu Model Accurate medium-range Forecast
23 AI Huawei Pangu Model published in Nature
24 AI Huawei Cloud and Shenzhen Announce Regional AI Model
25 AI Huawei Zhiji Model challenges traditional Weather Forecast

26 AI Media Reaction and Comments on AI Weather Forecasting
27 AI Limitations of AI in Weather Forecasting
28 AI and the Future of Weather Forecasting
29 AI Weather Forecasting is having an AI Moment
30 AI Climate Change could stump AI Weather Prediction

More to come ...